In spite of the fact that Urdu Poetry is an exceptionally perplexing subject that shows itself in a wide range of structures, there are sure essential fixings that describe each Urdu sonnet. We will currently investigate how an essential Urdu sonnet is organized and acquaint ourselves with a portion of its fundamental fixings.
In Urdu Poetry, a sonnet as a rule appears as a ghazal. A ghazal is an assortment of various couplets, called “ashaar”, that stick to the standards of “bahar”, “radeef”, “matla”, “maqta”, and “qafiya”. Every couplet, or “sher” communicates a solitary idea and can remain solitary. To see how the normal Urdu sonnet is organized, it is crucial that you comprehend what every one of these five terms allude to.
Bahar. In Urdu Poetry, “bahar” alludes to the meter, or length, of a couplet. Each line of a couplet must have the equivalent bahar as the other. What’s more, each and every couplet in a ghazal must have the equivalent bahar. Urdu Poetry utilizes 19 distinct sorts of bahar which can be grouped into short, medium, and long meters.
Radeef. Radeef in Urdu Poetry alludes to a similar word or expression that is rehashed toward the finish of the second line of each couplet. Remember that the radeef are consistently the specific, same words for each ghazal.
Matla. Matla in Urdu Poetry alludes to the main couplet in a ghazal. The two lines of a ghazal’s matla must end in the radeef. Urdu poetry Maqta. Generally, artists of Urdu Poetry as a rule use pseudonyms which are called Takhallus. The takhallus is generally joined into the last couplet of the sonnet as a kind of mark. The last couplet of a ghazal that contains the takhallus is known as the “maqta”.
Qafiya. The “qafiya” alludes to the rhyming example that is utilized not long before the radeef toward the finish of each couplet. The qafiya is important to the capacity of each Urdu sonnet, in any event, when different standards are not clung to.
Since you recognize what every one of the five terms allude to, we direct our concentration toward how they administer a Urdu sonnet’s structure. In the first place, each couplet of a ghazal will have a totally extraordinary topic from the various couplets in the equivalent ghazal. Second, all the couplets of a ghazal must have the equivalent bahar. Each and every couplet in a ghazal should likewise end in the equivalent radeef and utilize the equivalent qafiya. Each Urdu sonnet has a matla however some might not have a maqta.